Afghanistan Analysts Network – English

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Global Peace Index 2020

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Institute for Economics & Peace, October 2020

Afghanistan is the least peaceful country in the world for the second year in a row, followed by Syria, Iraq, South Sudan and Yemen.

Afghanistan is one of the few countries where the number of deaths has not decreased over the past few years, with the scope and intensity of the conflict there actually increasing since 2014. Afghanistan is now the country with the highest total number of deaths from internal conflict.

Syria, South Sudan, Afghanistan and Venezuela incurred the largest proportional economic cost of violence in 2019, equivalent to 60, 57, 51 and 48 per cent of GDP, respectively.

Afghanistan has also experienced the biggest deterioration in the region driven by an increasing homicide rate, growing weapons imports, increasing numbers of refugees and internally displaced people and a weaker commitment to UN peacekeeping funding.