Afghanistan Analysts Network – English

Reports

  • Asadullah Harun Gul released from Guantanamo and in Qatar, where he was met by the Taleban officials, finally on his way home. Photo: Bakhtar News Agency

    Kate Clark 25 Jun 2022

    Free at Last: The Afghan, Harun Gul, is released from Guantanamo after 15 years

    One of the last two remaining Afghans held in Guantanamo Bay, Asadullah Harun Gul, has been released after his lawyers threatened the United States government with contempt of court. A judge had ruled in November 2021 that the government was holding him unlawfully and must release him. A month earlier, a review board at Guantanamo […]

  • Sabawoon Samim 15 Jun 2022

    Policing Public Morality: Debates on promoting virtue and preventing vice in the Taleban’s second Emirate

    The Taleban’s ‘religious police’ are back in force, leaving many Afghans fearing a return to the notorious brutalities of the Taleban’s 1990s Amr bil-Maruf ministry. Yet, two decades on, argues guest author Sabawoon Samim* (with input from Roxanna Shapour), Taleban views on the promotion of virtue and prevention of vice have evolved, as has Afghan […]

  • Mhd Assem Mayar 6 Jun 2022

    The Climate Change Crisis in Afghanistan: The catastrophe worsens – what hope for action?

    The earth has only one atmosphere, and the effects of climate change transcend political boundaries. Afghanistan is one of the lowest emitters of greenhouse gases, but among the top ten countries most vulnerable to climate change. The harm is already evident in the increased frequency of droughts, which are causing hunger and distress, and unfortunately, […]

  • Kate Clark Sayeda Rahimi 1 Jun 2022

    “We need to breathe too”: Women across Afghanistan navigate the Taleban’s hijab ruling

    It has been three weeks since the Taleban announced a new order, prescribing a strict dress code for women, that they should not leave the house without real need and if they do, should wear what is termed ‘sharia hijab’, with face covered entirely, or except for the eyes. The order made a woman’s ‘guardian’ […]

  • Martine van Bijlert AAN Team 23 May 2022

    Food Aid in a Collapsed Economy: Relief, tensions and allegations

    A major focus of the international humanitarian response to Afghanistan’s economic collapse has been a ramped-up distribution of food aid, as large parts of the population no longer have the income to buy enough food for their families. In this fourth instalment of our economic research based on interviews conducted across Afghanistan, we look at […]

  • Construction site in Kucuksu, seen from Yenimahalle, Instanbul. Photo: Fabrizio Foschini

    Fabrizio Foschini 12 May 2022

    Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: No good options for Afghans travelling to and from Turkey

    The economic crisis and the country’s hardening stance towards irregular migrants are making Turkey a less hospitable destination for Afghans fleeing persecution or searching for livelihood opportunities abroad. In the first part of this report, Fabrizio Foschini looked at trends in Afghan migration to and through Turkey and how migrants have faced increased bureaucratic obstacles […]

  • Fabrizio Foschini 9 May 2022

    Refugees or Ghosts? Afghans in Turkey face growing uncertainty  

    The number of Afghans in Turkey has been steadily growing, with those already settled or in transit to Europe joined by thousands more fleeing Afghanistan following the Taleban takeover in August 2021. Turkey already had the world’s largest refugee population, and the new arrivals, coming in the midst an unprecedented economic crisis, has only heated […]

@BendlerBlogger @SchulzeRein @Getford1 @tazgezwitscher hintergrund zum werdegang mehdis (und sein fraktions-hopping) vor der taleban-machtübernahme von mir bei @AANafgh gibts hier: https://www.afghanistan-analysts.org/en/reports/war-and-peace/the-case-of-mawlawi-mehdi-and-balkhab-district-are-the-taleban-attracting-hazaras/.

for context on the current #Taleban grand assembly (loya ghunda) and the institution of the #LoyaJirga, see this @AANafgh dossier:
https://www.afghanistan-analysts.org/en/dossiers/thematic-dossier-xxvi-big-tent-democracy-afghanistans-loya-jirgas-1915-to-2020/

Thread on Afghans in Guantanamo👇

as context to #Balkhab fighting: re-upping my 2020 piece on cdr mawlawi mehdi:
https://www.afghanistan-analysts.org/en/reports/war-and-peace/the-case-of-mawlawi-mehdi-and-balkhab-district-are-the-taleban-attracting-hazaras/
#Afghanistan #Sarepul

With Harun's release, just one #Afghan is left, Muhammad Rahim. The US classes him as a 'high-value' detainee, his case top-secret because of his alleged AQ links – or, as he believes, because he was so brutally tortured and they don't want him talking. 3/3

After 2001, US carried out arbitrary detention on an industrial scale, driven by tip-offs from Afghans keen to finger their enemies or for financial reward. Pakistan made millions. The men and boys taken to #Guantanamo were the tip of the iceberg. 2/3
http://aan.af/2iWtD

For anyone assuming that being taken to #Guantanamo meant you'd done something wrong, only about a third of the #Afghans rendered there were even Taleban. The rest were shepherds taxi drivers, child sex abuse victims, anti-Taleban tribal leaders etc. 1/3
https://aan.af/3bfNuL2

بدتر شدن تورم در ترکیه رشد اقتصادی کلی این کشور را تهدید می کند و رونق بزرگ کارهای ساختمانی را که بیش از یک دهه ادامه داشته است، خنثی می کند. این امر ممکن است پیامدهای مهمی بر نحوه رفتار با پناهندگان در ترکیه داشته باشد. https://www.afghanistan-analysts.org/dari-pashto/reports/migration/%d8%af%d8%b1-%d8%a8%db%8c%d9%86-%d9%be%d9%84%d9%86%da%af-%d9%88-%d9%86%d9%87%d9%86%da%af-%d8%a7%d9%81%d8%ba%d8%a7%d9%86%d9%87%d8%a7-%d8%a8%d8%af%d9%88%d9%86-%da%af%d8%b2%db%8c%d9%86%d9%87-%d8%ae/

Asadullah Harun Gul is home. Now just one #Afghan is left in #Guantanamo, Muhammad Rahim, also detained in 2007 but by ISI. 2021 US Senate report documented his torture by CIA: multiple, days-long bouts of sleep deprivation, slapping , rectal feeding.
https://aan.af/3bfNuL2

Detained by NDS in 2007, handed over to the US, tortured, rendered to Guantanamo, in 2021, a US court found Harun's detention unlawful. 6 months later, after his lawyers threatened the US government with contempt of court, it has finally let him go. https://aan.af/3bfNuL2

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Publications

Asadullah Harun Gul released from Guantanamo and in Qatar, where he was met by the Taleban officials, finally on his way home. Photo: Bakhtar News Agency

Free at Last: The Afghan, Harun Gul, is released from Guantanamo after 15 years

Kate Clark

One of the last two remaining Afghans held in Guantanamo Bay, Asadullah Harun Gul, has been released after his lawyers threatened the United States government with contempt of court. A judge had ruled in November 2021 that the government was holding him unlawfully and must release him. A month earlier, a review board at Guantanamo […]

Reports Read more

Policing Public Morality: Debates on promoting virtue and preventing vice in the Taleban’s second Emirate

Sabawoon Samim

The Taleban’s ‘religious police’ are back in force, leaving many Afghans fearing a return to the notorious brutalities of the Taleban’s 1990s Amr bil-Maruf ministry. Yet, two decades on, argues guest author Sabawoon Samim* (with input from Roxanna Shapour), Taleban views on the promotion of virtue and prevention of vice have evolved, as has Afghan […]

Reports Read more

The Climate Change Crisis in Afghanistan: The catastrophe worsens – what hope for action?

Mhd Assem Mayar

The earth has only one atmosphere, and the effects of climate change transcend political boundaries. Afghanistan is one of the lowest emitters of greenhouse gases, but among the top ten countries most vulnerable to climate change. The harm is already evident in the increased frequency of droughts, which are causing hunger and distress, and unfortunately, […]

Reports Read more

“We need to breathe too”: Women across Afghanistan navigate the Taleban’s hijab ruling

Kate Clark Sayeda Rahimi

It has been three weeks since the Taleban announced a new order, prescribing a strict dress code for women, that they should not leave the house without real need and if they do, should wear what is termed ‘sharia hijab’, with face covered entirely, or except for the eyes. The order made a woman’s ‘guardian’ […]

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New special report: ‘Between Hope and Fear. Rural Afghan women talk about peace and war’

Martine van Bijlert AAN Team

As the United States pushes ahead with the rapid and unconditional withdrawal of its troops from Afghanistan, an unrelenting Taleban offensive has driven the Afghan government out of scores of districts across the country. Many Afghans are seeing their fears about the fallout from the ill-considered US-driven peace process come true. Against this backdrop, AAN’s […]

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New Special Report from AAN: “Kafka in Cuba, a Follow-Up Report: Afghans Still in Detention Limbo as Biden Decides What to do with Guantanamo”

Kate Clark

As newly-elected United States President Joe Biden considers what to do with the almost two-decades-old ‘war on terror’ detention facility at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba, we publish a special report on the last Afghans held there. Two Nangraharis, Asadullah Harun Gul and Mohammad Rahim, have both been detained since 2007. We also trace the fates […]

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New special report on Afghanistan’s newest local defence force: Were “all the mistakes of the ALP” turned into ANA-TF safeguards?

Kate Clark

Today, AAN publishes a special report looking at Afghanistan’s newest local defence force, the Afghan National Army Territorial Force (ANA-TF). Set up by presidential decree in February 2018 and funded and supported by NATO’s United States-led Resolute Support mission, it was intended to be a lightly-armed, low-cost, local arm of the ANA which could hold […]

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New special report: ‘Ghosts of the Past: Lessons from Local Force Mobilisation in Afghanistan and Prospects for the Future’

Kate Clark

A major new special report, ‘Ghosts of the Past: Lessons from Local Force Mobilisation in Afghanistan and Prospects for the Future’ looks at what is likely to make a local defence force – such as the Afghan Local Police (ALP) or Afghan National Army Territorial Force (ANA-TF) successful. This research sought to understand what makes some […]

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Dossier XXX: Afghan Women’s Rights and the New Phase of the Conflict

AAN Team

Afghan women are generally more talked about than heard from. From 1978 and the start of Afghanistan’s conflict onwards, the argument over women’s rights and roles has been an ideological fault line running through multiple phases of the war. Girls education, women in the workplace, women’s rights in marriage and the household, and in the […]

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AAN Dossier XXIX: Living with the Taleban

AAN Team

With the Taleban rapidly gaining ground in Afghanistan, it seemed useful to turn to AAN’s past research on what life under the Taleban has looked like for those living in insurgency-affected areas over the last few years. From December 2018 to January 2021, AAN conducted research first into how public services were delivered in a […]

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AAN Dossier XXVIII: Afghanistan in the Covid-19 Crisis

AAN Team

Afghanistan has just entered the third wave of the Covid-19 pandemic amid an unprecedented rise in confirmed cases, relatively unprepared. Apparently due to the relatively modest numbers during the second wave in November 2020, many Afghans became complacent about following health protocols and taking preventive measures. Complacency seems to have also been a factor in […]

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With intermittent fighting and rocket attacks throughout the day, election workers in the Awal Baba school voting centre in Maidan Shahr, had little work to do. Photo: Andrew Quilty, 2019.

AAN Dossier XXVII: Afghanistan’s contested 2019 presidential election and its aftermath

AAN Team

A year on from Afghanistan’s fourth presidential poll since the fall of the Taleban regime, AAN is publishing all our reporting on the election and its aftermath in a new dossier. Our 37 AAN reports comprise coverage of the run-up to the election; on-the-day reporting; analysis of the controversies over counting, verifying and announcing the result, including our […]

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Afghanistan After the US Withdrawal: An Elusive Peace – Three Questions to Thomas Ruttig

Thomas Ruttig

Institut Montaigne, 30 April 2021 The Paris-based nonprofit, independent think tank did an interview for its blog with AAN’s Thomas Ruttig to map out possible scenarios after the US and allied troop withdrawal from Afghanistan (in English).

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Have the Taliban Changed?

Thomas Ruttig

CTC Sentinel, March 2021 This is a guest article by AAN’s Thomas Ruttig for the March 2021 issue of the Combating Terrorism Center (CTC’s) monthly Sentinel, at the Department of Social Sciences of the US’s West Point military academy. It is based on Thomas’s experience from working with the UN during and after the Taleban’s rule […]

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Afghanistan’s Divided Republican “Front”

Thomas Ruttig Ali Yawar Adili

ISPI online, 26 January 2021 AAN’s Thomas Ruttig and Ali Yawar Adili have co-authored an article for an Afghanistan dossier published on the website of the Italian Institute for the Study of International Politics (ISPI), dealing with the composition of the ‘Islamic Republic of Afghanistan team’ at the intra-Afghan negotiations with the Taleban that started […]

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Konfliktporträt Afghanistan

Thomas Ruttig

Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 29 September 2020 AAN’s Thomas Ruttig has been writing a ‘conflict portrait’ of Afghanistan for the website of the German Federal Centre for Political Education (Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, bpb) for several years now. the bpb is a major source for teachers and school students. Here is the latest version, update […]

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