Afghanistan Analysts Network – English

Reports

  • Ehsan Qaane 7 Aug 2020

    To Release, Or Not To Release? Legal questions around Ghani’s consultative loya jirga on Taleban prisoners

    The Consultative Loya Jirga, called by President Ashraf Ghani to decide the fate of 400 Taleban prisoners, and whether they should be released to enable intra-Afghan peace talks, has begun. Ghani has argued that, according to the constitution and the penal code, it was not in his power to release these prisoners and therefore he […]

  • Ali Yawar Adili 5 Aug 2020

    Still Preoccupied by ‘Who Gets What’: 100 days of the new government, but no full cabinet

     More than two and half months since Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah signed their political agreement, and almost five months since the inauguration of Ashraf Ghani as president, Afghanistan still has no new cabinet. The list of cabinet nominees remains incomplete and parliament, which has to vote to confirm or reject nominees, has given up […]

  • AAN Team 31 Jul 2020

    AAN wishes a peaceful and healthy Eid al-Adha to all its readers

    At a difficult and uncertain time for growing numbers of people in Afghanistan, there is at last some good news: the Taleban and government have again declared a third three-day ceasefire to mark the major Islamic festival of Eid al-Adha. We acknowledge that many people who have continued to bear the brunt of this brutal […]

  • S Reza Kazemi 22 Jul 2020

    Covid-19 in Afghanistan (5): Snapshots of women’s living under coronavirus in and around Herat city

    In Herat, Afghanistan’s second most-infected province, women have been disproportionately hit by the secondary effects of Covid-19. AAN researcher Reza Kazemi has been hearing from women in the province about extra care and housework, increased levels of domestic violence, greater restrictions on movement and their concerns about their children, given school closures. He also finds […]

  • Thomas Ruttig Ali Mohammad Sabawoon 18 Jul 2020

    A Threat at Kabul’s Southern Gate: A security overview of Logar province

    Logar – a strategic province at the southern gate of the capital Kabul – has been among Afghanistan’s most insecure provinces for years. The government only controls parts of three of its seven districts, in some cases not much more than (parts of) the district centre. This provides the Taleban positions closer to the capital […]

  • Khadija Hossaini Thomas Ruttig 8 Jul 2020

    Citizens, Finally, But No Place to Settle: The Magats, one of Afghanistan’s most marginalised minorities

    The Magats – a small ethnic group most frequently called ‘Jogi’ by others, a term often considered derogatory by them – have been living in Afghanistan for more than a century. Until recently, they were stateless but have now started a struggle for legal recognition and acknowledgement of their identity. The first successes, such as registration […]

  • Kate Clark 1 Jul 2020

    ‘Ghosts of the Past’: New Special Report on Local Force Mobilisation in Afghanistan

    Today, AAN and the Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) co-publish a new special report, ‘Ghosts of the Past: Lessons from Local Force Mobilisation in Afghanistan and Prospects for the Future’. The result of a three-year research project, the report considers why governments and their foreign partners have kept mobilising local forces in Afghanistan. It considers […]

Useful thread summarising #CLJ declaration from @AANafgh colleague, @ali_adili.
Earlier, @EhsanQaane questioned the legality of the prisoner releases:
https://www.afghanistan-analysts.org/en/reports/war-and-peace/to-release-or-not-to-release-legal-questions-around-ghanis-consultative-loya-jirga-on-taleban-prisoners/
#Afghanistan https://twitter.com/ali_adili/status/1292039239128023040

Good analysis https://twitter.com/aanafgh/status/1291731622992269314

Our legal analysis: a #consultative_loya_jirga cannot help the president to legally release Taleban #prisoners. Even so, there are some legal options not yet explored.
#Afghanistan https://twitter.com/aanafgh/status/1291954802210025474

Excellent analysis by @EhsanQaane on the legality of releasing Taliban prisoners in general and the last 400 in particular!
@AANafgh https://twitter.com/AANafgh/status/1291736584144990209

Edifying analysis of Afghan legal parameters concerning release of #Taliban prisoners. #afghanistanpeaceprocess #afghanswantpeace https://twitter.com/AANafgh/status/1291731622992269314

@ali_adili @AANafgh @EhsanQaane Comprehensive. It is a sound policy paper that recommends legal solutions to the current chaos:

1.) Ghani should ask d supreme court to get the pending cases finalized.

2.) Ghani should ask the individual plaintiffs to pardon the prisoners.

Pardoning and releasing prisoners is covered by Afghan law and the constitution. The president alone has the authority to pardon, but with many caveats and restrictions.
@EhsanQaane looks into the legality of Taleban prisoner releases.
https://aan.af/3a3GsEA

Why are the last 400 remaining Taleban prisoners legally different from the thousands already released from government detention under the US-Taleban agreement?
@EhsanQaane looks at the law - and the politics of prisoner release.
#Afghanistan
https://aan.af/3a3GsEA

Our legal analysis: a #consultative_loya_jirga cannot help the president to legally release Taleban #prisoners. Even so, there are some legal options not yet explored.
#Afghanistan
https://aan.af/3a3GsEA

On the first day of the #CLJ, #Ehsan_Qaane asks how it can help the president on the Taleban prisoner issue and whether his decision to hold the jirga was motivated by law or politics?
https://aan.af/3a3GsEA
#Afghanistan

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Publications

To Release, Or Not To Release? Legal questions around Ghani’s consultative loya jirga on Taleban prisoners

Ehsan Qaane

The Consultative Loya Jirga, called by President Ashraf Ghani to decide the fate of 400 Taleban prisoners, and whether they should be released to enable intra-Afghan peace talks, has begun. Ghani has argued that, according to the constitution and the penal code, it was not in his power to release these prisoners and therefore he […]

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Still Preoccupied by ‘Who Gets What’: 100 days of the new government, but no full cabinet

Ali Yawar Adili

 More than two and half months since Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah signed their political agreement, and almost five months since the inauguration of Ashraf Ghani as president, Afghanistan still has no new cabinet. The list of cabinet nominees remains incomplete and parliament, which has to vote to confirm or reject nominees, has given up […]

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AAN wishes a peaceful and healthy Eid al-Adha to all its readers

AAN Team

At a difficult and uncertain time for growing numbers of people in Afghanistan, there is at last some good news: the Taleban and government have again declared a third three-day ceasefire to mark the major Islamic festival of Eid al-Adha. We acknowledge that many people who have continued to bear the brunt of this brutal […]

Reports Read more

Covid-19 in Afghanistan (5): Snapshots of women’s living under coronavirus in and around Herat city

S Reza Kazemi

In Herat, Afghanistan’s second most-infected province, women have been disproportionately hit by the secondary effects of Covid-19. AAN researcher Reza Kazemi has been hearing from women in the province about extra care and housework, increased levels of domestic violence, greater restrictions on movement and their concerns about their children, given school closures. He also finds […]

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New special report: ‘Ghosts of the Past: Lessons from Local Force Mobilisation in Afghanistan and Prospects for the Future’

Kate Clark

A major new special report, ‘Ghosts of the Past: Lessons from Local Force Mobilisation in Afghanistan and Prospects for the Future’ looks at what is likely to make a local defence force – such as the Afghan Local Police (ALP) or Afghan National Army Territorial Force (ANA-TF) successful. This research sought to understand what makes some […]

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The Cost of Support to Afghanistan: New special report considers the reasons for inequality, poverty and a failing democracy

Kate Clark

In a new AAN special report, Kate Clark considers the apparent paradox that despite almost two decades of international support to Afghanistan, poverty for most Afghans has deepened. She also explores the gap between the promise of the 2002 Bonn Agreement and 2004 constitution, a multi-ethnic, fully representative government, a democracy with strong checks and […]

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Boys threshing wheat in Ghor province (Adam Pain 2008)

Growing Out Of Poverty? Questioning agricultural policy in Afghanistan

Adam Pain

A new AAN paper seeks to understand why agricultural policy since 2001 has failed to increase production, lift rural Afghans out of poverty or secure their food supply. It finds the answers in the stories agricultural development planners tell themselves about how to ‘modernise’ agriculture, even as they ignore evidence from the field. AAN guest […]

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Kabul Unpacked: A Geographical Guide to a Metropolis In The Making

Fabrizio Foschini

Today, AAN publishes a new report, “Kabul Unpacked: A Geographical Guide to a Metropolis In The Making”. In maps and text, Author Fabrizio Foschini charts Kabul’s 22 police districts, their history, landmarks and architecture, population and security. We hope this guide will be a go-to, easily-used backgrounder for a city that many of us love, […]

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AAN Dossier XXV: The Quest for Peace in Afghanistan, 2015 to 2020

AAN Team

Any day now, a first diplomatic breakthrough toward peace in Afghanistan is expected: the United States and the Taleban have both announced that they have finalised their negotiations which would exchange withdrawal of the US and other NATO troops from the country for anti-terrorism guarantees from the Taleban. These negotiations started in October 2018 in […]

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Thematic Dossier XXIV: Ten years of reporting on civilian casualties, still no ceasefire

AAN Team

As the Taleban and the United States sit down together again to discuss the possibility of a peace agreement, the issue that appears to be most pressing for Afghans is a ceasefire. Not surprising given that 2019 is likely to be the sixth year in a row when the number of civilians killed and injured […]

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Nad-e Ali poppy farmer

Thematic Dossier XXIII: Afghan drugs – opium, cannabis and meth

AAN Team

Since AAN was established ten years ago, drugs have often featured in our reporting, both directly and indirectly. Drugs and counter-narcotics efforts are not a priority for either Afghan politicians or foreign donors at this time. However, for anyone seeking to understand Afghanistan’s economy, people’s livelihoods and the political economy of elections, appointments and insurgency, […]

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Afghan migrants, including minors, living in inhumane conditions in a Belgrade, Serbia squat. Photo: Martine van Bijlert, April 2017.

Thematic Dossier XXII: Afghan migration to Europe and beyond (2)

AAN Team

The subject of Afghans trying to migrate to Europe and beyond may have dropped out of the headlines in the last couple of years, but AAN has continued to follow their stories. Getting into Europe and then getting across eastern Europe into the west has become much more difficult since we published our first thematic […]

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AAN Co-authorship: Article on families during conflict in Central Asia

AAN Team

Acta Via Serica, 1 June 2020 AAN researcher Reza Kazemi has co-authored the article “Family Matters: The Making and Remaking of Family during Conflict Periods in Central Asia” for the peer reviewed journal ” in the June 2020 issue of Acta Via Serica: Journal for Silk Road and Central Asian Studies, published by Keimyung University […]

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Topdara-stupan berättar om det buddistiska arvet

Jelena Bjelica

SCA/SAK, 6 April 2020 Jelena Bjelica’s AAN report, The Largest Standing Stupa in Afghanistan: A short history of the Buddhist site at Topdara, has been translated (and shortened) into a version in Swedish.

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AAN contributes to book on “Education and Development in Afghanistan”

Thomas Ruttig

After years of military interventions, the current situation in Afghanistan is highly ambivalent and partially contradictory – especially regarding the interplay of development, peace, security, education, and economy. Despite numerous initiatives, Afghanistan is still confronted with a poor security and economic condition. This volume investigates the tension between these ambivalent developments. Sociologists, political and cultural […]

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AAN Co-director, Thomas Ruttig discusses 30 years of the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan (in German) – March 2019

Thomas Ruttig

AAN Co-director, Thomas Ruttig discusses the 30 years of the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan with ARD.  

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AAN in the Media

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