Afghanistan Analysts Network – English

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Afghanistan First Quarter Report on Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict: 2020

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UNAMA, 27 April 2020

From 1 January to 31 March 2020, UNAMA documented 1,293 civilian casualties (533 killed and 760 injured) – one third women and children –, highlighting that the conflict in Afghanistan continues to be one of the deadliest in the world for civilians. The overall number of civilian casualties in the first quarter, however, represents a 29 per cent decrease as compared to the first quarter of 2019 and is the lowest figure for a first quarter since 2012. Anti-Government Elements continued to be responsible for the majority of civilian casualties – 55 per cent, 39 per cent attributed to the Taleban, 13 per cent to ISKP, 3 per cent unknown. Pro-Government forces were responsible for 32 per cent of all civilian casualties and for more child casualties than Anti-Government Elements, mainly due to airstrikes and indirect fire during ground engagements. Violence accelerated again in March, mainly by the Taleban against Afghan forces, following a ‘reduction in violence’ week from 22 February to 28 February.