Afghanistan Analysts Network – English

AAN in the Media

Can Afghanistan successfully regulate its private militias?

< 1 min

TRT World, 5 December 2018

AAN’s Obaid Ali is quoted here extensively about a planned law to legalise (or bring under the law) illegale armed groups, although this is still an unlaid egg:

“The National Security Council has not made a decision whether to legalise militias or not. It’s actually not finalised. There is an ongoing debate on this issue among the security sectors,” Obaid Ali, a researcher at the Afghanistan Analysts Network, said. 

“It’s very difficult to put them under a solid structure,” Ali told TRT World. (…)

The Afghan government needs reinforcement and extra forces, increasing the numbers of its fighters [against the Taliban],” Ali said. 

But local militias are mostly “irregular and irresponsible” forces without having any “chain of command” according to Ali.

“They are operating independently across much of the country,” he explained. (…)

“There are many issues and challenges with these militias. It’s a very difficult task for the Afghan government to cut the [local militias’] ties with local authorities [and warlords],” Ali observed.  (…)

There have been several contributing factors behind the rise of private militias, from the Soviet invasion in the late 1970s to jihadist fervour in reaction to the post-2001 process following the collapse of the Taliban government, Ali said.  

“Local militias have taken part in the US-led war against Taliban, collaborating with Americans,” he explained.